2018 BPs

BP 469: Political Violence in KwaZulu-Natal

After 25 years of democracy, political violence remains one of the greatest challenges that continuously undermine South Africa’s constitutional state. The province of KwaZulu-Natal accounts for the majority of political violence that occurs in South Africa and, especially around election time, fear and anxiety loom as political assassinations increase.

BP 466: The Sustainable Development Goals: What is the Progress?

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are a collection of 17 global goals set by the United Nations General Assembly in 2015, as part of a resolution to transform the world that we live in and to achieve sustainable development for all. They came into effect in January 2016, and should continue to guide the United Nations Development Programme’s (UNDP) policy and funding until 2030.

BP 465: The Traditional Courts Bill

Traditional leadership is one of the oldest institutions in Africa. During the pre-colonial periods, traditional governance and traditional leadership played a vital role in local communities. Traditional authorities were viewed as heads of their people and leaders of their communities.

BP 464: Domestic Abuse and Asylum

In July 2018, US Attorney-General Jeff Sessions issued a directive codifying changes in policy with regard to asylum applications. These included instructions that officials adjudicating the claims of asylum seekers should not take into account any claims based on escape from domestic violence or gangsterism.

BP 462: Prostitution/Sex Work – Is it Work and is it a Choice?

In May 2017 the Minister of Justice and Correctional Services, Michael Masutha, released the South African Law Reform Commission’s Report on Project 107 – Adult Prostitution. Subsequently, during March 2018, Parliament’s Multi-Party Women’s Caucus held public hearings on the report, which advocates the complete criminalization of prostitution.

BP 461: The Public Protector

The Public Protector is one of the six ‘State Institutions Supporting Constitutional Democracy’ provided for in Chapter 9 of the Constitution, and consequently known as ‘Chapter 9 Institutions’. In many other countries, especially in Scandinavia, where the idea originated, the equivalent of our Public Protector is known as an Ombudsman.

BP 460: The Long-Awaited Climate Change Bill

Climate change represents one of the most globally urgent challenges of our time, with far- reaching environmental, social, economic and political implications. There is almost complete consensus that the rise in global temperatures is primarily due to greenhouse gases (GHGs), emitted into the atmosphere through human activities, and that this is causing rapid climate change.

BP 459: Prisoners on Remand

According to some estimates, up to one in 13 of all South African men aged between 18 and 65 are arrested annually – what happens to them, and to the much smaller number of women and juveniles arrested every year, should be of major concern to us all.

BP 458: Lawfare

Are South African political actors too quick to ask the country’s judges to referee their disputes? Ordinarily, in a stable and orderly democracy, it is highly desirable that people, and the parties and factions that they constitute, should ‘go the legal route’ rather than settle their differences by force, or bribery, or by any of the myriad other underhand methods that are typically associated with the world of politics.