The Department of Home Affairs has acknowledged that there is an increase in the backlog of visa applications waiting to be processed. The overall backlog goes back as far as 2016. It blames the delays on the closure of the workplace during COVID, lack of staff and the length of the process. At present any application has to go through six separate processes. It must be borne in mind that every delay has a negative impact on people’s lives, increases their vulnerability, and heightens the uncertainty in their circumstances.